Today the eu is developing into a political union, trying to bring together the democratic countries of europe. Watch online history video lessons to learn about the origin and expansion of the european union. He outlines his vision of how the european union could evolve by 2025 and presents a roadmap for a more united, stronger and more democratic union. In denmark, for example, voters who were worried about infringements upon their countrys sovereignty defeated a referendum on the. The european story is one of peace, democracy, solidarity and freedom, but also of prosperity, equality, wellbeing and sustainability. Sb 1145 the european union the institutions 390kb pdf sb 1146 the european union the legislative process 572kb pdf sb 1147 the european union the budget 370kb pdf scottish parliament information centre spice briefings are compiled for the benefit of the members of the parliament and their personal staff. Learn about how and why the nations of the european union eu. It grows and grows like topsy, so its not what it was originally. Official website of the european union european union. European union history pdf european history, and set the stage for a peaceful unification of europe. It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions and secessions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of the states in europe. To assess and develop transatlantic cooperation, the european union and the usa hold regular presidential summits.
Britain and the european union every country has a certain idea of its role in the world, which shapes. Nc civic education consortium unc center for european. The european union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the second world war. European coal and steel community ecsc, european atomic energy community euratom and european economic community eec, with six member states. Initially concerned with improving economic cooperation between member states, the eu has expanded its. However, i am including a text version of the european union notes below, which you can copy and edit if you wish.
List of books and articles about european union eu online. Background of united europe idea the idea of a united europe is old and deeply rooted in the history of european continent, these taking different forms over the. European countries had been making war against one another since the middle ages. The original aim was to tie countries together by forging closer industrial and economic cooperation.
Initiated in western europe in aftermath of world war ii. Community euratom and european economic community eec, with six member states two trajectories of development. The european union a brief history scottish parliament. Europe was a united entity during the era of the rome empire. The european union explained how the european union. Print out this worksheet and have pupils label a map of europe with the members of the eu. Learn about how and why the nations of the european union eu cooperate in this free online course. Best books on the european union five books expert. At this critical juncture in history, it is worthwhile remembering the principles that unite us as europeans, and the.
European union history, development and enlargement of the eu. The historical development of european integration. These engaging lessons are just a portion of our online study guide and video collection. Significantly, the study also explores the potential implications of brexit for the united states, including its effects on us economic, political and security interests, and the. European union history, development and enlargement of. The european union as we know it started its journey over half a century ago.
The european union is a unified trade and monetary body of 27 member countries. Eprs a history of european monetary integration members research service page 3 of 8 ambitious plan, which set out a threestage2 process to achieve economic and monetary union within a tenyear period. The reason for this can be attributed to britains historical, traditional, institutional and strategic background. The treaty met with substantial resistance in some countries. The european union was created in the period following the second world war, when european countries were determined. The history of the european union 2017 european union. This carefully planned course reader brings together the views of key actors in the fifty year history of the european union with a selection of key theoretical contributions to the understanding. They came into being as a result of the november 1990 transatlantic declaration, which for the. From then on, many others have followed in their footsteps, striving to build on this vision through successive treaties. History of the european union the united states of europe were in the minds of many european writers, intellectuals, philosophers and visionaries of the last centuries. Apr 10, 2019 the european union eu is a unification of 28 member states including the united kingdom united to create a political and economic community throughout europe. President juncker delivers his 2017 state of the union address at the european parliament in strasbourg. A superb, eminently readable history of the european union the book is a gem a good read for those of us who know the story, and an even better one for students who do not.
The idea of european union is a recurring theme in the long and often violent history of the continent. The european union printable map worksheet 5th8th grade. The union shall replace and succeed the european community. European community, european union, the community treaties, accession, modernization, reform treaty. The european union explained how the european union works. History of the european union introduction the history of the european union eu has been marked by periods of rapid change followed by periods of uncertainty. Those two treaties shall have the same legal value. Visionary leaders came together to create economic and political stability to ensure long term peace in europe. Everything you always wanted to know about european union. Jul 08, 2010 a brief history of the eu it started as a treaty to merge the coal and steel industries among key european countries. It started small and compact with a clear and simple raison detre. In 1795, the german philosopher immanuel kant who lived in todays russian city of. Origins the european project was an attempt to overcome the nationalist conflicts of the first half of the twentieth. Information on your rights to live, work, travel and study in another eu.
The uks january 2020 withdrawal from the european union eu is likely to change its international role and outlook in ways that affect u. Consolidated version of the treaty on european union. This article aims to demonstrate how the project of the european union evolved both in the interwar period and in the years following the second world war, focusing on promoters of the idea of federal europe who attempted to find the best ways for building a suitable european community development. Common foreign and security policy cfsp permanent structured cooperation pesco intergovernmental cooperation unanimity.
The history of the european union the modernday european union is a direct result of a determination among european politicians to prevent future violent conflicts in europe after world war ii. Though the idea of the eu might sound simple at the outset, the european union has a rich history. European union official website of the european union. The european union eu is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in europe. How the european union works the last amending treaty the lisbon treaty was signed in lisbon on december 2007, and came into force on 1 december 2009. European integration has been an unpredictable process. Toward european union, 5 interpreting european union history, 10 purpose and organization of the book, 19 1 finding a way forward 23 from world war to cold war, 24 the european movement, 31 prospects for economic integration, 34 tackling the german question, 37 the schuman declaration, 45 2 europe of the communities 53. More than a half of a century later, the european union is being challenged by. The five candidate countries are croatia, iceland, the former yugoslav republic of macedonia, montenegro and turkey. Denmark, ireland and the united kingdom join the european union on 1 january 1973, raising the number of member states to nine. The holy roman emperors, napoleon, hitler, and others sought, in sometimes horrifying ways, to achieve a continental unity based variously on princely alliances, ethnic cohesion, ideology, or raw power. Eurozone, schengen area, environmental policy judicial and police cooperationenhanced cooperation. History of the european union from economic to political union.
Though the idea of the eu might sound simple at the outset, the european union has a rich history and a unique organization, both of which aid in its current success and its ability to fulfill its mission for the 21st century. Mw 422 1 a short history of the european union the european union began life in the 1950s as an economic project consisting of just six european countries france, west germany, italy, belgium, luxembourg and the netherlands within which trade of coal and steel could take place with no barriers. The scottish parliament and scottish parliament information centre logos. Pdf this fully revised, second edition of the everchanging union provides a concise overview of the eus history, institutional structures and. European union middle school world history and world. The short, yet brutal, arabisraeli war of october 1973 results in an energy crisis and economic problems in europe. The integration strategy outlined in the werner report was based on the assumption that exchange rates to the us dollar would remain stable.
Teach pupils about the european union and its member nations. Deepening and widening of the european union the history of the eu proves that there is no contradiction between widening the union and deepening its integration. Introduction to the european union overview this lesson serves as an introduction to the european union and many of the countries that are part of the european union. European union european union the maastricht treaty. For example, jean monnet of eco apocalittici e integrati pdf france believed that a union of european nations could. The eu was created by the maastricht treaty, which entered into force on november 1, 1993. The european union is a geopolitical entity covering a large portion of the european continent. This article aims to demonstrate how the project of the european union evolved both in the interwar period and in the years following the second world war, focusing on promoters of the idea of federal europe who attempted to find the best ways for building a suitable european. European integration and enlargement of the european union. A brief history of britains relationship with europe, starting in 6000 bce.
Its original aim was to form an economic union but, as time went on, the eu developed into a far greater organization. The eu is governed by the principle of representative democracy, with citizens directly represented at union level in the european parliament and member states represented in the european council and the council of the eu. Spice briefing the european union a brief history 20 may 2016 1637 iain mciver this subject profile provides a brief history of the european union from its development after the. The maastricht treaty formally known as the treaty on european union, which was signed on february 7, 1992, created the european union. Lecture relatively institutional, historical and policy oriented rather than model driven as a course. The european union is an organization of 27 nations. European union eu, name given since the ratification nov. Eu climate policy explained the eu has been the region of the world where the most climate policies have been implemented, and where practical policy experimentation in the field of the environment and climate change has been taking place at a rapid pace over the last twentyfive years. A brief history of britains relationship with europe.
The following visionary leaders inspired the creation of the european union we live in today. Eprs a history of european monetary integration members research service page 4 of 8 towards an economic and monetary union during a period of intensifying efforts to create a single market f rom the adoption of. The european union eu is a unification of 28 member states including the united kingdom united to create a political and economic community throughout europe. List of books and articles about european union eu.
European parliament, council of the union, european commission, court of justice, and the court of auditors. European union eu, international organization comprising 27 european countries and governing common economic, social, and security policies. A brief history of the eu it started as a treaty to merge the coal and steel industries among key european countries. The guided notes file i uploaded is a pdf file, which is not editable. A historical overview i n the words of walter hallstein, one reason for creating the european community was to enable europe to play its. For me, european union is a new phase in the history of the unifu. The european union powerpoint file is fully editable. The union shall be founded on the present treaty and on the treaty on the functioning of the european union hereinafter referred to as the treaties. It is a political and economic union between european countries that sets policies concerning the members economies, societies, laws, and, to some extent, security. Students will independently learn about the history, institutions, and policies of the european union through a webquest. Some basic information on the history and formation of the eu. The history of the european union eu has been marked by periods of rapid change followed by periods of uncertainty.
Description a project was launched in 2018 by the historical archives of the european union haeu and the historical archives service of the commission sah to implement a new archival file plan to the two holdings of the european commission deposited at the haeu. Earlier treaties are now incorporated into the current consolidated version, which comprises the treaty on european union and the treaty on the functioning of the european union. A short history of the european union migrationwatch uk. Pdf the history of the european union chinese version. Jun 20, 2019 the maastricht treaty, which took effect in 1993, created the brusselsbased european union eu, of which the eec, renamed simply the european community ec was the main component. The european union eu was founded in 1957 with the aim of creating an ever closer union between the peoples of europe. More than a half of a century later, the european union. Because the chapter files are presented in pdf format, you have the option of either viewing them online, or permanently downloading them to your computer. Historical archives of the european union european.1351 486 587 1068 1250 220 74 844 874 1024 661 715 893 149 542 588 1271 576 836 866 1066 285 605 89 1265 965 1041 119 466 1380 107 89 834 1428